192 THE ADVOCATE
VOL. 78 PART 2 MARCH 2020
An armlet may also be worn by personnel enjoying neutrality but its
issue shall be left to the military authorities.
Both flag and armlet shall bear a red cross on a white ground.
Article 8. The implementing of the present Convention shall be arranged
by the Commanders-in-Chief of the belligerent armies following the
instructions of their respective Governments and in accordance with the
general principles set forth in this Convention.
Article 9. “The High Contracting Parties have agreed to communicate the
present Convention with an invitation to accede thereto to Governments
unable to appoint Plenipotentiaries to the International Conference at
Geneva. The Protocol has accordingly been left open.
Article 10. The present Convention shall be ratified and the ratifications
exchanged at Berne, within the next four months, or sooner if possible.
In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the Convention
and thereto affixed their seals.
Done at Geneva, this twenty-second day of August, in the year one
thousand eight hundred and sixty-four.
Tradition dictates that international treaties and conventions be named
after the city in which they were negotiated. Thus the Treaty of Rome, for
instance, was the treaty that established the European Economic Community
in 1957. And thus the Geneva Convention was named after the city
which hosted the 1864 conference.
But by whom was the first Geneva Convention adopted, and what happened
next? Those matters are addressed in Part II of this article, to be published
in an upcoming issue of the Advocate.
1. This article is based on sources including Ellen Hart,
A Man Born to Live: Life and Work of Henry Dunant,
Founder of the Red Cross (London: Gollancz, 1953);
John F Hutchinson, Champions of Charity: War and
the Rise of the Red Cross (Boulder, Colorado: Westview
Press, 1996); Caroline Moorehead, Dunant’s
Dream: War, Switzerland and the History of the Red
Cross (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1998); PH Gordon,
Fifty Years in the Canadian Red Cross; International
Committee of the Red Cross, The Geneva Conventions
of 12 August 1949: Commentary, edited by Jean S
Pictet (Geneva: 1958); Barbara W Tuchman, The
Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War,
1890–1914 (London: Macmillan, 1966).