THE ADVOCATE 831 VOL. 75 PART 6 NOVEMBER 2017 THE PIG WAR: BRITISH COLUMBIA LOSES THE SAN JUAN ISLANDS By Glen W. Bell We all know that the western portion of the boundary between Canada and the United States is the 49th parallel. Less well known is how the western end of that boundary, between Vancouver Island and the San Juan Islands, came to deviate so radically from the 49th parallel. It was in part the result of an incident called the “Pig War”.1 The 49th parallel was established as the boundary under the Oregon Treaty of 1846 between the United States and Great Britain. (In those days the entire Pacific Northwest was known as the Oregon Territory.) Britain persuaded the U.S. to let Britain keep Vancouver Island, where the Hud- View from Mount Warburton Pike, Saturna Island, over the tip of South Pender Island and toward the United States.
Nov Advocate 2017
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